Note: This article title may be easily confused with Sandy Spring
Sandy Springs (once known as Hammond) is a newly-incorporated city (as of December 2005) located in Fulton County, Georgia, north of Atlanta and south of Roswell. It is named for the sandy spring which still exists in the city today, protected by a park.
The boundaries of Sandy Springs are: Atlanta to the south, Cobb County (at the Chattahoochee River) to the west and north, Roswell (also at the river) to the north, and unincorporated Dunwoody (at the DeKalb County line) to the east. A small panhandle in the northeast extends between the Chattahoochee River to the north and Dunwoody to the south, ending in a very small border with Gwinnett County. (This panhandle was part of DeKalb, later ceded to the former Milton County.).
If Milton County were to be created again (as some have been advocating recently), the city has not yet taken any position on whether it would join or even support such a move.
As of the census of 2000, there are 85,781 people, 39,288 households, and 19,683 families residing in the CDP. The population density is 878.1/km2 (2,274.1/mi2). There are 42,794 housing units at an average density of 438.0/km2 (1,134.5/mi2). The racial makeup of the CDP is 77.55% White, 12.04% African American, 0.18% Native American, 3.29% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.94% from other races, and 1.95% from two or more races. 9.93% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 39,288 households out of which 21.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% are married couples living together, 7.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 49.9% are non-families. 35.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.17 and the average family size is 2.87.
In the CDP the population is spread out with 17.8% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 40.3% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.0 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP is $60,428, and the median income for a family is $85,146. Males have a median income of $51,002 versus $36,493 for females. The per capita income for the CDP is $45,494. 6.5% of the population and 3.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 6.6% of those under the age of 18 and 6.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The largest business districts are the Roswell Road corridor and Perimeter Center (although the Perimeter Mall itself resides in adjacent DeKalb County). Perimter Center includes many high-rise buildings (including the tallest suburban buildings in the U.S., the 570-foot Concourse Towers). Just south of this business district, across I-285, is a major medical center, anchored by Northside Hospital and Saint Joseph's Hospital.
In 1851, Wilson Spruill donated five acres (two hectares) of land for the founding of the Sandy Springs United Methodist Church near the sandy spring for which the city is named. Later, in 1905 the Hammond School was built at Johnson Ferry Road and Mt. Vernon Highway, across the street from the church.
After World War II, Sandy Springs experienced a housing boom, bringing new residents and major land development. In the 1960s and 1970s Georgia 400 and Interstate 285 connected Sandy Springs to metro Atlanta, and urban-density development continues to increase in Sandy Springs.